Derivative Calculator

Calculate derivatives step by step

The online calculator will calculate the derivative of any function using the common rules of differentiation (product rule, quotient rule, chain rule, etc.), with steps shown. It can handle polynomial, rational, irrational, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, hyperbolic, and inverse hyperbolic functions. Also, it will evaluate the derivative at the given point if needed. It also supports computing the first, second, and third derivatives, up to 10.

Related calculators: Logarithmic Differentiation Calculator, Implicit Differentiation Calculator with Steps

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Find $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(x \sin{\left(2 x \right)}\right)$$$.


Apply the product rule $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(x \right)} g{\left(x \right)}\right) = \frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(x \right)}\right) g{\left(x \right)} + f{\left(x \right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(g{\left(x \right)}\right)$$$ with $$$f{\left(x \right)} = x$$$ and $$$g{\left(x \right)} = \sin{\left(2 x \right)}$$$:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(x \sin{\left(2 x \right)}\right)\right)} = {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right) \sin{\left(2 x \right)} + x \frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(2 x \right)}\right)\right)}$$

Apply the power rule $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(x^{n}\right) = n x^{n - 1}$$$ with $$$n = 1$$$, in other words, $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right) = 1$$$:

$$x \frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(2 x \right)}\right) + \sin{\left(2 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right)\right)} = x \frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(2 x \right)}\right) + \sin{\left(2 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(1\right)}$$

The function $$$\sin{\left(2 x \right)}$$$ is the composition $$$f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}$$$ of two functions $$$f{\left(u \right)} = \sin{\left(u \right)}$$$ and $$$g{\left(x \right)} = 2 x$$$.

Apply the chain rule $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}\right) = \frac{d}{du} \left(f{\left(u \right)}\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(g{\left(x \right)}\right)$$$:

$$x {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(2 x \right)}\right)\right)} + \sin{\left(2 x \right)} = x {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\sin{\left(u \right)}\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(2 x\right)\right)} + \sin{\left(2 x \right)}$$

The derivative of the sine is $$$\frac{d}{du} \left(\sin{\left(u \right)}\right) = \cos{\left(u \right)}$$$:

$$x {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\sin{\left(u \right)}\right)\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(2 x\right) + \sin{\left(2 x \right)} = x {\color{red}\left(\cos{\left(u \right)}\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(2 x\right) + \sin{\left(2 x \right)}$$

Return to the old variable:

$$x \cos{\left({\color{red}\left(u\right)} \right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(2 x\right) + \sin{\left(2 x \right)} = x \cos{\left({\color{red}\left(2 x\right)} \right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(2 x\right) + \sin{\left(2 x \right)}$$

Apply the constant multiple rule $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(c f{\left(x \right)}\right) = c \frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(x \right)}\right)$$$ with $$$c = 2$$$ and $$$f{\left(x \right)} = x$$$:

$$x \cos{\left(2 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(2 x\right)\right)} + \sin{\left(2 x \right)} = x \cos{\left(2 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(2 \frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right)\right)} + \sin{\left(2 x \right)}$$

Apply the power rule $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(x^{n}\right) = n x^{n - 1}$$$ with $$$n = 1$$$, in other words, $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right) = 1$$$:

$$2 x \cos{\left(2 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right)\right)} + \sin{\left(2 x \right)} = 2 x \cos{\left(2 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(1\right)} + \sin{\left(2 x \right)}$$

Thus, $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(x \sin{\left(2 x \right)}\right) = 2 x \cos{\left(2 x \right)} + \sin{\left(2 x \right)}$$$.


$$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(x \sin{\left(2 x \right)}\right) = 2 x \cos{\left(2 x \right)} + \sin{\left(2 x \right)}$$$A