# 奇异值分解计算器

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## 您的输入

$\left[\begin{array}{ccc}0 & 1 & 1\\\sqrt{2} & 2 & 0\\0 & 1 & 1\end{array}\right]$的 SVD。

## 解决方案

$W$的特征值和特征向量（有关步骤，请参阅 特征值和特征向量计算器）。

$\sigma_{1} = 2 \sqrt{2}$

$\sigma_{2} = \sqrt{2}$

$\Sigma$矩阵是一个零矩阵，其对角线上$\sigma_{i}$ $\Sigma = \left[\begin{array}{ccc}2 \sqrt{2} & 0 & 0\\0 & \sqrt{2} & 0\\0 & 0 & 0\end{array}\right]$

$U$的列是归一化（单位）向量： $U = \left[\begin{array}{ccc}\frac{\sqrt{6}}{6} & \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} & - \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\\\frac{\sqrt{6}}{3} & - \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} & 0\\\frac{\sqrt{6}}{6} & \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} & \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\end{array}\right]$ （有关寻找单位向量的步骤，请参阅 单位向量计算器）。

$v_{1} = \frac{1}{\sigma_{1}}\cdot \left[\begin{array}{ccc}0 & 1 & 1\\\sqrt{2} & 2 & 0\\0 & 1 & 1\end{array}\right]^{T}\cdot u_{1} = \frac{1}{2 \sqrt{2}}\cdot \left[\begin{array}{ccc}0 & \sqrt{2} & 0\\1 & 2 & 1\\1 & 0 & 1\end{array}\right]\cdot \left[\begin{array}{c}\frac{\sqrt{6}}{6}\\\frac{\sqrt{6}}{3}\\\frac{\sqrt{6}}{6}\end{array}\right] = \left[\begin{array}{c}\frac{\sqrt{6}}{6}\\\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\\\frac{\sqrt{3}}{6}\end{array}\right]$ （有关步骤，请参阅 矩阵标量乘法计算器矩阵乘法计算器）。

$v_{2} = \frac{1}{\sigma_{2}}\cdot \left[\begin{array}{ccc}0 & 1 & 1\\\sqrt{2} & 2 & 0\\0 & 1 & 1\end{array}\right]^{T}\cdot u_{2} = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\cdot \left[\begin{array}{ccc}0 & \sqrt{2} & 0\\1 & 2 & 1\\1 & 0 & 1\end{array}\right]\cdot \left[\begin{array}{c}\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\\- \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\\\frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\end{array}\right] = \left[\begin{array}{c}- \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}\\0\\\frac{\sqrt{6}}{3}\end{array}\right]$ （有关步骤，请参阅 矩阵标量乘法计算器矩阵乘法计算器）。

Normalize the vector: it becomes $\left[\begin{array}{c}\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\\- \frac{1}{2}\\\frac{1}{2}\end{array}\right]$, (for steps, see unit vector calculator).

## 回答

$U = \left[\begin{array}{ccc}\frac{\sqrt{6}}{6} & \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} & - \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\\\frac{\sqrt{6}}{3} & - \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} & 0\\\frac{\sqrt{6}}{6} & \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} & \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\end{array}\right]\approx \left[\begin{array}{ccc}0.408248290463863 & 0.577350269189626 & -0.707106781186548\\0.816496580927726 & -0.577350269189626 & 0\\0.408248290463863 & 0.577350269189626 & 0.707106781186548\end{array}\right]$A

$\Sigma = \left[\begin{array}{ccc}2 \sqrt{2} & 0 & 0\\0 & \sqrt{2} & 0\\0 & 0 & 0\end{array}\right]\approx \left[\begin{array}{ccc}2.82842712474619 & 0 & 0\\0 & 1.414213562373095 & 0\\0 & 0 & 0\end{array}\right]$A

$V = \left[\begin{array}{ccc}\frac{\sqrt{6}}{6} & - \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3} & \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\\\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2} & 0 & - \frac{1}{2}\\\frac{\sqrt{3}}{6} & \frac{\sqrt{6}}{3} & \frac{1}{2}\end{array}\right]\approx \left[\begin{array}{ccc}0.408248290463863 & -0.577350269189626 & 0.707106781186548\\0.866025403784439 & 0 & -0.5\\0.288675134594813 & 0.816496580927726 & 0.5\end{array}\right]$A