Matrix Determinant Calculator

Calculate matrix determinant step by step

The calculator will find the determinant of the matrix (2x2, 3x3, 4x4 etc.) using the cofactor expansion, with steps shown.

Related calculator: Cofactor Matrix Calculator

If the calculator did not compute something or you have identified an error, or you have a suggestion/feedback, please write it in the comments below.

Embrace the functionality of our Matrix Determinant Calculator, a calculator designed to handle complicated matrix determinant computations easily. Calculating a matrix's determinant diverges from standard arithmetic as it adheres to guidelines and procedures. Our Matrix Determinant Calculator eases this procedure, delivering precise outcomes rapidly and efficiently.

How to Use the Matrix Determinant Calculator?

  • Input

    Populate the given fields with the elements of your matrix. Keep in mind that the determinant can only be calculated for square matrices.

  • Calculation

    After correctly inputting your matrix, click the "Calculate" button.

  • Result

    The calculator will then process the information and promptly compute the determinant of the given matrix, presenting the result on the screen.

What Is a Matrix Determinant?

In linear algebra, the determinant is a unique scalar value derived from a square matrix. It has several important properties and uses, like determining whether a matrix is invertible or understanding the volume factor of a linear transformation.

To illustrate, let's consider a simple 2x2 matrix:


The determinant, denoted as $$$\operatorname{det}(A)$$$ or $$$\left\lvert A\right\rvert$$$, is computed as $$$ad-bc$$$.

As you can see, it's a simple calculation for a 2x2 matrix. However, for larger square matrices, the computation gets more complex.

Let's consider a 3x3 matrix:


The determinant of $$$B$$$ is calculated as $$$\left\lvert B\right\rvert=a(ei-fh)-b(di-fg)+c(dh-eg)$$$.

The calculation involves taking each element of the top row and multiplying it by the determinant of the 2x2 matrix left when you eliminate the row and column containing that element, and then alternating the signs (+ - +).

For matrices larger than 3x3, the determinant is usually computed using techniques such as the Laplace expansion or by transforming the matrix to a more straightforward form (like a triangular matrix) using row operations.

Why Choose Our Matrix Determinant Calculator?

  • Efficiency

    The calculator promptly provides results, saving you valuable time that would otherwise be spent on lengthy manual calculations.

  • Steps Included

    Beyond delivering the final determinant, our calculator illustrates the procedural steps involved in the calculation. This added feature positions our tool as an exceptional educational resource for those keen to grasp the methodology behind the computation.

  • Versatility

    The calculator can handle matrices of different sizes, from simple 2x2 matrices to more complex larger ones. This flexibility makes it suitable for a wide range of applications.

  • User-Friendly Design

    The calculator's intuitive design makes it straightforward to use. Even if you're new to matrix determinants, you'll find our tool easy to navigate.


What does a determinant of zero mean?

A zero determinant means that the matrix is not invertible; in other words, it's a singular matrix. This also means that the matrix is not a full rank matrix.

What if my matrix isn't square?

Determinants are only defined for square matrices. If your matrix isn't square, you cannot compute a determinant.

Can I use this calculator for large matrices?

The Matrix Determinant Calculator can handle square matrices of different sizes, from small 2x2 matrices to larger ones.

How do I use the Matrix Determinant Calculator?

Using the Matrix Determinant Calculator is easy. Input the elements of your square matrix into the appropriate fields and click the "Calculate" button. The calculator will do the rest.