Derivative of $\sin{\left(x y \right)}$ with respect to $x$

The calculator will find the derivative of $\sin{\left(x y \right)}$ with respect to $x$, with steps shown.

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Find $\frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(x y \right)}\right)$.

Solution

The function $\sin{\left(x y \right)}$ is the composition $f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}$ of two functions $f{\left(u \right)} = \sin{\left(u \right)}$ and $g{\left(x \right)} = x y$.

Apply the chain rule $\frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}\right) = \frac{d}{du} \left(f{\left(u \right)}\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(g{\left(x \right)}\right)$:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(x y \right)}\right)\right)} = {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\sin{\left(u \right)}\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(x y\right)\right)}$$

The derivative of the sine is $\frac{d}{du} \left(\sin{\left(u \right)}\right) = \cos{\left(u \right)}$:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\sin{\left(u \right)}\right)\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(x y\right) = {\color{red}\left(\cos{\left(u \right)}\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(x y\right)$$

$$\cos{\left({\color{red}\left(u\right)} \right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(x y\right) = \cos{\left({\color{red}\left(x y\right)} \right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(x y\right)$$

Apply the constant multiple rule $\frac{d}{dx} \left(c f{\left(x \right)}\right) = c \frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(x \right)}\right)$ with $c = y$ and $f{\left(x \right)} = x$:

$$\cos{\left(x y \right)} {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(x y\right)\right)} = \cos{\left(x y \right)} {\color{red}\left(y \frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right)\right)}$$

Apply the power rule $\frac{d}{dx} \left(x^{n}\right) = n x^{n - 1}$ with $n = 1$, in other words, $\frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right) = 1$:

$$y \cos{\left(x y \right)} {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right)\right)} = y \cos{\left(x y \right)} {\color{red}\left(1\right)}$$

Thus, $\frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(x y \right)}\right) = y \cos{\left(x y \right)}$.

$\frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(x y \right)}\right) = y \cos{\left(x y \right)}$A