Derivado de $$$\ln\left(x\right) \sin{\left(9 x \right)}$$$

La calculadora encontrará la derivada de $$$\ln\left(x\right) \sin{\left(9 x \right)}$$$ usando la diferenciación logarítmica, con los pasos que se muestran.

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Tu aportación

Encuentra $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(x\right) \sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)$$$.

Solución

Sea $$$H{\left(x \right)} = \ln\left(x\right) \sin{\left(9 x \right)}$$$.

Toma el logaritmo de ambos lados: $$$\ln\left(H{\left(x \right)}\right) = \ln\left(\ln\left(x\right) \sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)$$$.

Vuelve a escribir la RHS usando las propiedades de los logaritmos: $$$\ln\left(H{\left(x \right)}\right) = \ln\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right) + \ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)$$$.

Derive por separado ambos lados de la ecuación: $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)\right) = \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right) + \ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right)$$$.

Diferenciar el LHS de la ecuación.

La función $$$\ln\left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)$$$ es la composición $$$f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}$$$ de dos funciones $$$f{\left(u \right)} = \ln\left(u\right)$$$ y $$$g{\left(x \right)} = H{\left(x \right)}$$$.

Aplicar la regla de la cadena $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}\right) = \frac{d}{du} \left(f{\left(u \right)}\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(g{\left(x \right)}\right)$$$:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)\right)\right)} = {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\ln\left(u\right)\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)\right)}$$

La derivada del logaritmo natural es $$$\frac{d}{du} \left(\ln\left(u\right)\right) = \frac{1}{u}$$$:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\ln\left(u\right)\right)\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(H{\left(x \right)}\right) = {\color{red}\left(\frac{1}{u}\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)$$

Vuelva a la variable anterior:

$$\frac{\frac{d}{dx} \left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)}{{\color{red}\left(u\right)}} = \frac{\frac{d}{dx} \left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)}{{\color{red}\left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)}}$$

Por lo tanto, $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)\right) = \frac{\frac{d}{dx} \left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)}{H{\left(x \right)}}$$$.

Derive la RHS de la ecuación.

La derivada de una suma/diferencia es la suma/diferencia de derivadas:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right) + \ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right)\right)} = {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)\right) + \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right)\right)}$$

La función $$$\ln\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)$$$ es la composición $$$f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}$$$ de dos funciones $$$f{\left(u \right)} = \ln\left(u\right)$$$ y $$$g{\left(x \right)} = \ln\left(x\right)$$$.

Aplicar la regla de la cadena $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}\right) = \frac{d}{du} \left(f{\left(u \right)}\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(g{\left(x \right)}\right)$$$:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)\right)\right)} + \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right) = {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\ln\left(u\right)\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)\right)} + \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right)$$

La derivada del logaritmo natural es $$$\frac{d}{du} \left(\ln\left(u\right)\right) = \frac{1}{u}$$$:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\ln\left(u\right)\right)\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(x\right)\right) + \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right) = {\color{red}\left(\frac{1}{u}\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(x\right)\right) + \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right)$$

Vuelva a la variable anterior:

$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right) + \frac{\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)}{{\color{red}\left(u\right)}} = \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right) + \frac{\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)}{{\color{red}\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)}}$$

La derivada del logaritmo natural es $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(x\right)\right) = \frac{1}{x}$$$:

$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right) + \frac{{\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(x\right)\right)\right)}}{\ln\left(x\right)} = \frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right) + \frac{{\color{red}\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)}}{\ln\left(x\right)}$$

La función $$$\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)$$$ es la composición $$$f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}$$$ de dos funciones $$$f{\left(u \right)} = \ln\left(u\right)$$$ y $$$g{\left(x \right)} = \sin{\left(9 x \right)}$$$.

Aplicar la regla de la cadena $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}\right) = \frac{d}{du} \left(f{\left(u \right)}\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(g{\left(x \right)}\right)$$$:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right)\right)} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)} = {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\ln\left(u\right)\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right)} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$

La derivada del logaritmo natural es $$$\frac{d}{du} \left(\ln\left(u\right)\right) = \frac{1}{u}$$$:

$${\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\ln\left(u\right)\right)\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right) + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)} = {\color{red}\left(\frac{1}{u}\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right) + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$

Vuelva a la variable anterior:

$$\frac{\frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)}{{\color{red}\left(u\right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)} = \frac{\frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)}{{\color{red}\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$

La función $$$\sin{\left(9 x \right)}$$$ es la composición $$$f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}$$$ de dos funciones $$$f{\left(u \right)} = \sin{\left(u \right)}$$$ y $$$g{\left(x \right)} = 9 x$$$.

Aplicar la regla de la cadena $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(g{\left(x \right)} \right)}\right) = \frac{d}{du} \left(f{\left(u \right)}\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(g{\left(x \right)}\right)$$$:

$$\frac{{\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right)}}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)} = \frac{{\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\sin{\left(u \right)}\right) \frac{d}{dx} \left(9 x\right)\right)}}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$

La derivada del seno es $$$\frac{d}{du} \left(\sin{\left(u \right)}\right) = \cos{\left(u \right)}$$$:

$$\frac{{\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{du} \left(\sin{\left(u \right)}\right)\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(9 x\right)}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)} = \frac{{\color{red}\left(\cos{\left(u \right)}\right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(9 x\right)}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$

Vuelva a la variable anterior:

$$\frac{\cos{\left({\color{red}\left(u\right)} \right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(9 x\right)}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)} = \frac{\cos{\left({\color{red}\left(9 x\right)} \right)} \frac{d}{dx} \left(9 x\right)}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$

Aplique la regla del múltiplo constante $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(c f{\left(x \right)}\right) = c \frac{d}{dx} \left(f{\left(x \right)}\right)$$$ con $$$c = 9$$$ y $$$f{\left(x \right)} = x$$$:

$$\frac{\cos{\left(9 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(9 x\right)\right)}}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)} = \frac{\cos{\left(9 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(9 \frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right)\right)}}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$

Aplique la regla de potencia $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(x^{n}\right) = n x^{n - 1}$$$ con $$$n = 1$$$, en otras palabras, $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right) = 1$$$:

$$\frac{9 \cos{\left(9 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(\frac{d}{dx} \left(x\right)\right)}}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)} = \frac{9 \cos{\left(9 x \right)} {\color{red}\left(1\right)}}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$

Simplificar:

$$\frac{9 \cos{\left(9 x \right)}}{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)} = \frac{9}{\tan{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$

Por lo tanto, $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(\ln\left(x\right)\right) + \ln\left(\sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right)\right) = \frac{9}{\tan{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$$.

Por lo tanto, $$$\frac{\frac{d}{dx} \left(H{\left(x \right)}\right)}{H{\left(x \right)}} = \frac{9}{\tan{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}$$$.

Por lo tanto, $$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(H{\left(x \right)}\right) = \left(\frac{9}{\tan{\left(9 x \right)}} + \frac{1}{x \ln\left(x\right)}\right) H{\left(x \right)} = 9 \ln\left(x\right) \cos{\left(9 x \right)} + \frac{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}}{x}$$$.

Respuesta

$$$\frac{d}{dx} \left(\ln\left(x\right) \sin{\left(9 x \right)}\right) = 9 \ln\left(x\right) \cos{\left(9 x \right)} + \frac{\sin{\left(9 x \right)}}{x}$$$A