Jacobian and its determinant of $\left\{x = 3 e^{- 4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)}, y = e^{4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)}\right\}$

The calculator will find the Jacobian (and its determinant) of the set of the functions (or the transformation) $\left\{x = 3 e^{- 4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)}, y = e^{4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)}\right\}$, with steps shown.
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Calculate the Jacobian of $\left\{x = 3 e^{- 4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)}, y = e^{4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)}\right\}$.

Solution

The Jacobian matrix is defined as follows: $J{\left(x,y \right)}\left(r, \theta\right) = \left[\begin{array}{cc}\frac{\partial x}{\partial r} & \frac{\partial x}{\partial \theta}\\\frac{\partial y}{\partial r} & \frac{\partial y}{\partial \theta}\end{array}\right].$

In our case, $J{\left(x,y \right)}\left(r, \theta\right) = \left[\begin{array}{cc}\frac{\partial}{\partial r} \left(3 e^{- 4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)}\right) & \frac{\partial}{\partial \theta} \left(3 e^{- 4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)}\right)\\\frac{\partial}{\partial r} \left(e^{4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)}\right) & \frac{\partial}{\partial \theta} \left(e^{4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)}\right)\end{array}\right].$

Find the derivatives (for steps, see derivative calculator): $J{\left(x,y \right)}\left(r, \theta\right) = \left[\begin{array}{cc}- 12 e^{- 4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)} & 9 e^{- 4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)}\\4 e^{4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)} & - 3 e^{4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)}\end{array}\right].$

The Jacobian determinant is the determinant of the Jacobian matrix: $\left|\begin{array}{cc}- 12 e^{- 4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)} & 9 e^{- 4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)}\\4 e^{4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)} & - 3 e^{4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)}\end{array}\right| = - 36 \cos{\left(6 \theta \right)}$ (for steps, see determinant calculator).

The Jacobian matrix is $\left[\begin{array}{cc}- 12 e^{- 4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)} & 9 e^{- 4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)}\\4 e^{4 r} \cos{\left(3 \theta \right)} & - 3 e^{4 r} \sin{\left(3 \theta \right)}\end{array}\right]$A.
The Jacobian determinant is $- 36 \cos{\left(6 \theta \right)}$A.