Matrix Scalar Multiplication Calculator

Multiply a matrix by a scalar step by step

The calculator will multiply the given matrix by the given scalar, with steps shown. It handles matrices of any size up to 10x10 (2x2, 3x3, 4x4, etc.).


If the calculator did not compute something or you have identified an error, or you have a suggestion/feedback, please write it in the comments below.

Our Matrix Scalar Multiplication Calculator is an invaluable online tool that makes multiplying a matrix by a constant easy, precise, and hassle-free.

How to Use the Matrix Scalar Multiplication Calculator?

  • Input

    First, you'll need to enter your matrix in the calculator. You can do this by filling in the values in the provided fields. Ensure that the values entered match your matrix's size and elements. Next, you need to enter the scalar or constant with which you want to multiply the matrix. This should be input into the designated scalar field.

  • Calculation

    After you've entered the matrix and the scalar, click the "Calculate" button. The calculator will then perform the scalar multiplication of the matrix and display the result.

  • Result

    The resulting matrix will be displayed on the screen. This is the result of the scalar multiplication operation. You can then use this matrix for further calculations or analyses as required.

What is a scalar?

A scalar is a single numerical value, typically a real number, that is used in mathematics and physics to describe a quantity that has magnitude but no direction. Examples include mass, length, and volume. In matrix operations, a scalar is a single number used to multiply every element of a matrix or vector.

How do I multiply a matrix by a scalar?

Performing scalar multiplication on a matrix, which entails multiplying it by a single numerical value, is a relatively simple process. All you have to do is multiply every individual element of your original matrix by the given scalar. The output will be a new matrix, identical in dimensions to your original one, with each element being the product of the original value and the scalar.

For example, let's say you have a 2x2 matrix $$$A$$$:


And you want to multiply this matrix by a scalar $$$k$$$. The result would be a new matrix where every element is multiplied by $$$k$$$:


So, if


And $$$k=3$$$, then


This process works the same way regardless of the size of the matrix. Each element in the matrix should be multiplied by the scalar to get the resulting matrix.

What are the properties of scalar multiplication of matrices?

Scalar multiplication of matrices has several key properties that are consistent with the general rules of matrix operations. Here are some of them:

  1. Associativity: For any scalars $$$k$$$ and $$$m$$$, and any matrix $$$A$$$, the equation $$$(km)A=k(mA)$$$ holds. This means that you can multiply the scalars first and then multiply the result by the matrix, or you can multiply one scalar by the matrix first and then multiply the result by the other scalar. The result will be the same.
  2. Distributivity Over Matrix Addition: For any scalar $$$k$$$ and matrices $$$A$$$ and $$$B$$$ of the same size, $$$k(A+B)=kA+kB$$$. This means you can add two matrices first and then perform the scalar multiplication, or you can perform the scalar multiplication on each matrix first and then add the results. Either way, you will get the same result.
  3. Distributivity Over Scalar Addition: For any scalars $$$k$$$ and $$$m$$$, and any matrix $$$A$$$, the equation $$$(k+m)A=kA+mA$$$ holds. This means you can add the scalars first and then multiply the result by the matrix, or you can multiply each scalar by the matrix first and then add the results. The result will be the same.

Why Choose Our Matrix Scalar Multiplication Calculator?

  • Ease of Use

    Our calculator is designed with user-friendly interface making it easy for anyone to input their matrix and scalar values and get results swiftly.

  • Accuracy

    Our tool provides precise results, reducing the risk of errors that can happen in manual calculations, especially with large matrices.

  • Time-Efficiency

    Scalar multiplication with large matrices can be time-consuming. Our calculator makes the process quick, saving you valuable time.

  • Versatile>

    Whether you're a student trying to complete homework, a professional needing to perform complex calculations, or a teacher providing examples to students, our calculator is suited to a variety of needs.


What happens when a matrix is multiplied by a scalar of zero?

When a matrix is multiplied by a scalar of zero, all the elements of the resulting matrix will be zero. This is referred to as a zero matrix.

What is a scalar in terms of matrices?

In terms of matrices, a scalar is a single real number used to multiply each element of a matrix or a vector.

What is the determinant of a matrix multiplied by a scalar?

When a square matrix is multiplied by a scalar, the determinant of the resulting matrix is equal to the scalar raised to the power of $$$n$$$ (the size of the matrix) times the determinant of the original matrix. That is, if $$$k$$$ is the scalar, $$$A$$$ is the original matrix, and $$$n$$$ is the size of the matrix, then $$$\operatorname{det}(kA)=k^n\operatorname{det}(A)$$$.