Matrix Division Calculator

Divide matrices step by step

The calculator will find the quotient of two matrices (if possible), with steps shown. It divides matrices of any size up to 7x7 (2x2, 3x3, 4x4, etc.).


If the calculator did not compute something or you have identified an error, or you have a suggestion/feedback, please write it in the comments below.

The Matrix Division Calculator is a practical instrument created to perform matrix division calculations swiftly and clearly. Dividing matrices is more complex than dividing regular numbers, and it demands understanding and following specific rules and procedures to get the correct result. Our Matrix Division Calculator, in this context, emerges as an invaluable resource to assist you.

How to Use the Matrix Division Calculator?

  • Input

    Begin by inputting the elements of your matrices in the designated fields. Be sure to enter the dividend and divisor correctly.

  • Calculation

    Once your matrices are correctly set up in the calculator, proceed to the next step by clicking the "Calculate" button.

  • Result

    Once the division is completed, the calculator promptly presents the result on the screen. This result represents the solution to the matrix division problem you inputted. The result is displayed in a neat matrix format, making interpretation and further use easy.

What Is Matrix Division?

Matrix division, a term commonly used in linear algebra, is more complex than the name might suggest. In the realm of matrices, division is defined as multiplication by the inverse of a matrix.

Let's consider two matrices, $$$A$$$ and $$$B$$$. The division of the matrix $$$A$$$ by the matrix $$$B$$$, i.e., $$$\frac{A}{B}$$$ is equivalent to multiplying the matrix $$$A$$$ by the inverse of the matrix $$$B$$$, denoted as $$$B^{-1}$$$.

Mathematically, this can be represented as $$$\frac{A}{B}=AB^{-1}$$$.

The inverse of the matrix exists only if the matrix is square and invertible, i.e., its determinant is not equal to zero.

To provide a clearer understanding, let's take two 2x2 matrices:


To find $$$\frac{A}{B}$$$, we first need to find the inverse of $$$B$$$.

The formula to calculate the inverse of a 2x2 matrix is as follows: if $$$B=\left[\begin{array}{cc}a&b\\c&d\end{array}\right]$$$, then $$$B^{-1}=\left[\begin{array}{cc}\frac{d}{ad-bc}&-\frac{b}{ad-bc}\\-\frac{c}{ad-bc}&\frac{a}{ad-bc}\end{array}\right]$$$.

Using the formula above, $$$B^{-1}=\left[\begin{array}{cc}\frac{8}{5\cdot8-6\cdot7}&-\frac{6}{5\cdot8-6\cdot7}\\-\frac{7}{5\cdot8-6\cdot7}&\frac{5}{5\cdot8-6\cdot7}\end{array}\right]=\left[\begin{array}{cc}-4&3\\\frac{7}{2}&-\frac{5}{2}\end{array}\right]$$$.

Finally, multiply $$$A$$$ by $$$B^{-1}$$$: $$$\left[\begin{array}{cc}1&2\\3&4\end{array}\right]\cdot\left[\begin{array}{cc}-4&3\\\frac{7}{2}&-\frac{5}{2}\end{array}\right]=\left[\begin{array}{cc}3&-2\\2&-1\end{array}\right]$$$.

So, $$$\frac{A}{B}=\left[\begin{array}{cc}3&-2\\2&-1\end{array}\right]$$$.

This is how matrix division works. The process becomes more complex with matrices of higher dimensions, but the principle remains the same — multiply the first matrix by the inverse of the second.

What Are the Rules of Matrix Division?

Matrix division is a relatively complex operation and is governed by a set of specific rules of linear algebra. Here are the key rules you need to remember:

  • Existence of Inverse: For matrix division to occur, the matrix acting as the divisor (the one being divided by) must possess an inverse, making it an invertible matrix. The existence of the inverse of a matrix depends on its determinant value. If the determinant of the matrix equals zero, it is classified as a singular matrix and doesn't have an inverse. Consequently, in such cases, matrix division becomes an impossible operation.
  • Multiplication by Inverse: Matrix division is essentially the multiplication of the first matrix (the dividend) by the inverse of the second matrix (the divisor). In other words, if you are dividing a matrix $$$A$$$ by a matrix $$$B$$$, you multiply $$$A$$$ by the inverse of $$$B$$$.
  • Matrix Size: The matrices involved in the division operation must be square matrices because only square matrices can have an inverse. Moreover, they should have the same dimensions.
  • Non-Commutativity: Like regular number division, matrix division is not commutative. This means that $$$\frac{A}{B}$$$ is not equal to $$$\frac{B}{A}$$$.
  • Distributivity: Matrix division is not distributive over matrix addition or subtraction. This means that $$$\frac{A}{B+C}$$$ is not equal to $$$\frac{A}{B}+\frac{A}{C}$$$.

Why Choose Our Matrix Division Calculator?

  • Efficiency and Accuracy

    Our calculator performs matrix division operations swiftly and provides accurate results, saving you the time and making potential errors of manual calculations impossible.

  • Step-by-Step Solutions

    The calculator doesn't just deliver the final answer; it provides a step-by-step solution. This feature is particularly useful for learning purposes, making it easier to understand the process and verify your manual calculations.

  • User-Friendly Interface

    The calculator has a straightforward and easy-to-navigate interface, making it accessible to all users regardless of their experience level with matrices or calculators.

  • Free to Use

    The Matrix Division Calculator is entirely free to use. It's an excellent resource for students, educators, professionals, or anyone needing to perform matrix division operations.


What do I do if my matrix is not invertible?

If the matrix you're dividing by (the divisor) is not invertible (its determinant is zero), matrix division is impossible. You'll need to choose an invertible matrix for matrix division.

Can I use the Matrix Division Calculator to verify my manual calculations?

Absolutely! The calculator provides step-by-step solutions, making it a perfect tool for verifying manual calculations.

What is matrix division?

Matrix division refers to multiplying the first matrix by the inverse of the second. It's important to note that this operation is only possible if the second matrix is invertible (its determinant is not zero).

How do I use the Matrix Division Calculator?

To use the calculator, input the elements of your matrices in the designated fields and click on the "Calculate" button. The calculator will compute the inverse of the second matrix and multiply it by the first, displaying the result promptly.