Column Space Calculator

Calculate the column space of a matrix step by step

The calculator will find the column space of the matrix, with steps shown.

Related calculator: Row Space Calculator


If the calculator did not compute something or you have identified an error, or you have a suggestion/feedback, please write it in the comments below.

Presenting the Column Space Calculator, a high-speed online resource created to accurately determine the column space of a matrix. Whether you're calculating the basis for column space or striving to understand what it is, this calculator will try to help you.

How to Use the Column Space Calculator?

  • Input

    First, input your matrix. Remember to properly format your matrix with rows entered from left to right and columns from top to bottom.

  • Calculation

    Once your matrix is entered, click the "Calculate" button.

  • Result

    The calculator will quickly compute and display the column space of the provided matrix.

What Is a Column Space?

In the realm of linear algebra, the column space of a matrix, also known as the range of a matrix, is one of the four fundamental subspaces that give us insights into the solutions of linear systems. It consists of all possible linear combinations of the column vectors of the matrix.

Mathematically, let's suppose we have a matrix $$$A$$$ whose columns are represented by the vectors $$$\left\{\mathbf{\vec{a_1}},\mathbf{\vec{a_2}},\dots,\mathbf{\vec{a_n}}\right\}$$$. The column space of $$$A$$$, denoted by $$$\operatorname{col}(A)$$$, consists of vectors that can be formed by multiplying each column vector by some scalar and adding them together. This can be expressed in the following way:

$$\operatorname{col}(A)=\left\{x_1\mathbf{\vec{a_1}}+x_2\mathbf{\vec{a_2}}+\dots+a_n\mathbf{\vec{a_n}}\mid x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n\in\mathbb{R}\right\}$$

Here, $$$x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n$$$ are scalars and they belong to the set of all real numbers, denoted by $$$\mathbb{R}$$$. The scalars can be any real number, and different scalars will yield different vectors in the column space.

Let's take an example to understand this better. Suppose we have the following 3x3 matrix $$$B$$$:


The column vectors are $$$\langle1,4,7\rangle$$$, $$$\langle2,5,8\rangle$$$, and $$$\langle3,6,9\rangle$$$. The column space of $$$B$$$ will be the set of all possible vectors we can get by taking any real numbers $$$x_1$$$, $$$x_2$$$, and $$$x_3$$$, and computing the vector $$$x_1\cdot\langle1,4,7\rangle+x_2\cdot\langle2,5,8\rangle+x_3\cdot\langle3,6,9\rangle$$$.

The column space of a matrix plays a key role in determining the solution of the system of linear equations that the matrix represents. By understanding the column space, we gain critical insights into the structure of the solution of the system.

Why Choose Our Column Space Calculator?

  • Efficiency

    Our calculator provides quick results, saving valuable time that manual calculations would require. It's especially useful when dealing with larger matrices that can be complex to handle manually.

  • User-Friendliness

    The calculator is designed to be simple to use, with a clear interface and easy-to-follow instructions. This makes it accessible to both beginners and advanced users.

  • Accuracy

    The calculator ensures precise results, eliminating the risk of errors that can occur in manual calculations.

  • Versatility

    The calculator is capable of handling matrices of many dimensions. Whether it's a 2x2 matrix or a 4x4 matrix, you can rely on this calculator for accurate column space calculations.


What is Column Space?

In linear algebra, the column space of a matrix is the set of all possible linear combinations of the matrix's column vectors. It's crucial for understanding the solutions of linear systems.

What is the basis for the column space of a matrix?

The basis for the column space of a matrix consists of the set of linearly independent vectors that span the column space. In other words, it's the smallest set of vectors that can be used to create any vector in the column space.

Why should I use the Column Space Calculator?

Our Column Space Calculator offers a quick, precise, and user-friendly way to calculate the column space of a matrix. It's an invaluable tool for anyone dealing with linear algebra.

Can I use this calculator for matrices of any size?

Our Column Space Calculator can handle matrices of different sizes. Whether you have a 2x2 or 3x3 matrix, you can use this calculator to find its column space.