Angle between Vectors Calculator

Find the angle between vectors step by step

The calculator will find the angle (in radians and degrees) between the two vectors and will show the work.

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Introducing our Angle Between Two Vectors Calculator! This handy online tool provides a quick and effortless way to calculate the angle between two vectors in two-dimensional space, three-dimensional space, etc. With just a few simple steps, you can effortlessly determine the angle formed between any two vectors by inputting their coordinates. Say goodbye to manual calculations as this calculator makes the process easy for you.

How to Use the Angle Between Two Vectors Calculator?

  • Input

    Enter the coordinates of the first vector in the designated input field. For example, if your first vector is $$$\mathbf{\vec{u}}=\langle 2,4,-3\rangle$$$, enter the corresponding values. Similarly, enter the coordinates of the second vector in the provided input field. For instance, if your second vector is $$$\mathbf{\vec{v}}=\langle 5,-1,2\rangle$$$, enter the appropriate values.

  • Calculation

    Once you have entered the coordinates of both vectors, click on the "Calculate" button. The calculator will process the input and display the angle between the two vectors in both radians and degrees.

  • Result

    You can then analyze the results and use them for your specific needs.

Angle Between Two Vectors: Definition and Importance

The angle between two vectors is a fundamental concept in mathematics and has significant implications in various fields. It quantifies the degree of separation or inclination between two vectors and provides valuable insights into their relationship and alignment.

In physics, the angle between vectors is utilized to understand the direction and orientation of forces, velocities, and accelerations. For example, when analyzing the motion of objects, determining the angle between the velocity vector and the acceleration vector can reveal whether an object is speeding up, slowing down, or changing direction.

In engineering, vector angles are crucial in designing structures, analyzing forces in trusses, and calculating the moments of a force. Understanding the angles between vectors helps engineers ensure structural stability, optimize designs, and predict the behavior of complex systems.

The angle between two vectors can be calculated using the following formula:


where $$$\theta$$$ represents the angle between the vectors, $$$\mathbf{\vec{u}}$$$ and $$$\mathbf{\vec{v}}$$$ are the two vectors, $$$\mathbf{\vec{u}}\cdot\mathbf{\vec{v}}$$$ is the dot product of the vectors, and $$$\mathbf{\left\lvert\vec{u}\right\rvert}$$$ and $$$\mathbf{\left\lvert\vec{v}\right\rvert}$$$ denote the magnitudes of the vectors $$$\mathbf{\vec{u}}$$$ and $$$\mathbf{\vec{v}}$$$, respectively.

For example, let's consider two vectors:

$$\mathbf{\vec{u}}=\langle 2,3\rangle$$$$\mathbf{\vec{v}}=\langle -1,4\rangle$$

To find the angle between these vectors:

  • Calculate the dot product:

    $$\mathbf{\vec{u}}\cdot \mathbf{\vec{v}}=2\cdot(-1)+3\cdot 4=-2+12=10$$
  • Determine the magnitudes:

  • Apply the formula:

  • Compute the angle:

    $$\theta \approx 47.73^0$$

By calculating the angle between vectors, we gain valuable information about their orientation and spatial relationship. This knowledge allows us to make informed decisions, solve problems in various fields, and understand the behavior of vector quantities in different contexts.

Why Choose Our Angle Between Vectors Calculator?

  • Accuracy and Efficiency

    Our calculator utilizes precise algorithms to ensure accurate and correct results when calculating the angle between vectors. It performs the calculations efficiently, saving you time and effort.

  • Versatility

    Our calculator supports both two-dimensional and three-dimensional vectors, allowing you to compute the angle between vectors in different spatial contexts. Whether you're working with planar vectors or vectors in three-dimensional space, our calculator has you covered.

  • User-Friendly Interface

    The calculator features a user-friendly interface that is intuitive and easy to navigate. You can easily input vector coordinates, making the calculation process straightforward.

  • Comprehensive Solution

    Our Angle Between Vectors Calculator not only calculates the angle between vectors but also educates you about its significance and applications. It empowers you with a deeper understanding of vector relationships and their implications in various fields.

  • Accessible Anytime, Anywhere

    Our calculator is accessible online, allowing you to use it from any device with an internet connection. Whether you're at home, in the classroom, or on the go, you can conveniently utilize our calculator for your vector angle calculations.


Are there any additional resources available for vector calculations?

Along with our Angle Between Vectors Calculator, our website offers a range of other calculators and resources for vector calculations, linear algebra, and various mathematical topics. Feel free to explore our collection of tools to assist you further.

Is the Angle Between Vectors Calculator accurate?

Yes, our calculator utilizes precise algorithms to ensure accurate results when calculating the angle between vectors. It is designed to provide accurate and correct calculations.

Can I obtain the angle between vectors in both degrees and radians?

Yes, our calculator displays the angle between vectors in both degrees and radians.

What input format does the calculator accept?

The calculator accepts the comma-separated list of vector coordinates.