Jacobian Calculator

Calculate Jacobian step by step

The calculator will find the Jacobian matrix of the set of functions and the Jacobian determinant (if possible), with steps shown.

Leave empty for autodetection or specify variables like x,y (comma-separated).

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Calculate the Jacobian of $$$\left\{x = r \cos{\left(\theta \right)}, y = r \sin{\left(\theta \right)}\right\}$$$.


The Jacobian matrix is defined as follows: $$$J{\left(x,y \right)}\left(r, \theta\right) = \left[\begin{array}{cc}\frac{\partial x}{\partial r} & \frac{\partial x}{\partial \theta}\\\frac{\partial y}{\partial r} & \frac{\partial y}{\partial \theta}\end{array}\right].$$$

In our case, $$$J{\left(x,y \right)}\left(r, \theta\right) = \left[\begin{array}{cc}\frac{\partial}{\partial r} \left(r \cos{\left(\theta \right)}\right) & \frac{\partial}{\partial \theta} \left(r \cos{\left(\theta \right)}\right)\\\frac{\partial}{\partial r} \left(r \sin{\left(\theta \right)}\right) & \frac{\partial}{\partial \theta} \left(r \sin{\left(\theta \right)}\right)\end{array}\right].$$$

Find the derivatives (for steps, see derivative calculator): $$$J{\left(x,y \right)}\left(r, \theta\right) = \left[\begin{array}{cc}\cos{\left(\theta \right)} & - r \sin{\left(\theta \right)}\\\sin{\left(\theta \right)} & r \cos{\left(\theta \right)}\end{array}\right].$$$

The Jacobian determinant is the determinant of the Jacobian matrix: $$$\left|\begin{array}{cc}\cos{\left(\theta \right)} & - r \sin{\left(\theta \right)}\\\sin{\left(\theta \right)} & r \cos{\left(\theta \right)}\end{array}\right| = r$$$ (for steps, see determinant calculator).


The Jacobian matrix is $$$\left[\begin{array}{cc}\cos{\left(\theta \right)} & - r \sin{\left(\theta \right)}\\\sin{\left(\theta \right)} & r \cos{\left(\theta \right)}\end{array}\right]$$$A.

The Jacobian determinant is $$$r$$$A.