Angle between Vectors Calculator

The calculator will find the angle (in radians and degrees) between the two vectors and will show the work.

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Your Input

Calculate the angle between the vectors $$$\mathbf{\vec{u}} = \left\langle 5, -2, 3\right\rangle$$$ and $$$\mathbf{\vec{v}} = \left\langle -4, 5, 7\right\rangle$$$.


First, calculate the dot product: $$$\mathbf{\vec{u}}\cdot \mathbf{\vec{v}} = -9$$$ (for steps, see dot product calculator).

Next, find the lengths of the vectors:

$$$\mathbf{\left\lvert\vec{u}\right\rvert} = \sqrt{38}$$$ (for steps, see vector length calculator).

$$$\mathbf{\left\lvert\vec{v}\right\rvert} = 3 \sqrt{10}$$$ (for steps, see vector length calculator).

Finally, the angle is given by $$$\cos{\left(\phi \right)} = \frac{\mathbf{\vec{u}}\cdot \mathbf{\vec{v}}}{\mathbf{\left\lvert\vec{u}\right\rvert} \mathbf{\left\lvert\vec{v}\right\rvert}} = \frac{-9}{\left(\sqrt{38}\right)\cdot \left(3 \sqrt{10}\right)} = - \frac{3 \sqrt{95}}{190}$$$ (in case of complex numbers, we need to take the real part of the dot product).

$$$\phi = \operatorname{acos}{\left(- \frac{3 \sqrt{95}}{190} \right)} = \left(\frac{180 \operatorname{acos}{\left(- \frac{3 \sqrt{95}}{190} \right)}}{\pi}\right)^0$$$


$$$\phi = \operatorname{acos}{\left(- \frac{3 \sqrt{95}}{190} \right)}\approx 1.725307134097968$$$A

$$$\phi = \left(\frac{180 \operatorname{acos}{\left(- \frac{3 \sqrt{95}}{190} \right)}}{\pi}\right)^0\approx 98.852817147625106^0$$$A