Definite and Improper Integral Calculator

The calculator will evaluate the definite (i.e. with bounds) integral, including improper, with steps shown.

Show Instructions
  • In general, you can skip the multiplication sign, so `5x` is equivalent to `5*x`.
  • In general, you can skip parentheses, but be very careful: e^3x is `e^3x`, and e^(3x) is `e^(3x)`.
  • Also, be careful when you write fractions: 1/x^2 ln(x) is `1/x^2 ln(x)`, and 1/(x^2 ln(x)) is `1/(x^2 ln(x))`.
  • If you skip parentheses or a multiplication sign, type at least a whitespace, i.e. write sin x (or even better sin(x)) instead of sinx.
  • Sometimes I see expressions like tan^2xsec^3x: this will be parsed as `tan^(2*3)(x sec(x))`. To get `tan^2(x)sec^3(x)`, use parentheses: tan^2(x)sec^3(x).
  • Similarly, tanxsec^3x will be parsed as `tan(xsec^3(x))`. To get `tan(x)sec^3(x)`, use parentheses: tan(x)sec^3(x).
  • From the table below, you can notice that sech is not supported, but you can still enter it using the identity `sech(x)=1/cosh(x)`.
  • If you get an error, double check your expression, add parentheses and multiplication signs where needed, and consult the table below.
  • All suggestions and improvements are welcome. Please leave them in comments.
The following table contains the supported operations and functions:
TypeGet
Constants
ee
pi`pi`
ii (imaginary unit)
Operations
a+ba+b
a-ba-b
a*b`a*b`
a^b, a**b`a^b`
sqrt(x), x^(1/2)`sqrt(x)`
cbrt(x), x^(1/3)`root(3)(x)`
root(x,n), x^(1/n)`root(n)(x)`
x^(a/b)`x^(a/b)`
abs(x)`|x|`
Functions
e^x`e^x`
ln(x), log(x)ln(x)
ln(x)/ln(a)`log_a(x)`
Trigonometric Functions
sin(x)sin(x)
cos(x)cos(x)
tan(x)tan(x), tg(x)
cot(x)cot(x), ctg(x)
sec(x)sec(x)
csc(x)csc(x), cosec(x)
Inverse Trigonometric Functions
asin(x), arcsin(x), sin^-1(x)asin(x)
acos(x), arccos(x), cos^-1(x)acos(x)
atan(x), arctan(x), tan^-1(x)atan(x)
acot(x), arccot(x), cot^-1(x)acot(x)
asec(x), arcsec(x), sec^-1(x)asec(x)
acsc(x), arccsc(x), csc^-1(x)acsc(x)
Hyperbolic Functions
sinh(x)sinh(x)
cosh(x)cosh(x)
tanh(x)tanh(x)
coth(x)coth(x)
1/cosh(x)sech(x)
1/sinh(x)csch(x)
Inverse Hyperbolic Functions
asinh(x), arcsinh(x), sinh^-1(x)asinh(x)
acosh(x), arccosh(x), cosh^-1(x)acosh(x)
atanh(x), arctanh(x), tanh^-1(x)atanh(x)
acoth(x), arccoth(x), cot^-1(x)acoth(x)
acosh(1/x)asech(x)
asinh(1/x)acsch(x)

Enter a function:

Integrate with respect to:

Enter a lower limit:

If you need `-oo`, type -inf

Enter an upper limit:

If you need `oo`, type inf

Write all suggestions in comments below.

Solution

Your input: calculate $$$\int_{0}^{2}\left( 3 x^{2} + x - 1 \right)dx$$$

First, calculate indefinite integral: $$$\int{\left(3 x^{2} + x - 1\right)d x}=x^{3} + \frac{x^{2}}{2} - x$$$ (for steps see indefinite integral calculator).

According to the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, $$$\int_a^b F(x) dx=f(b)-f(a)$$$, so just evaluate the integral at the endpoints, and that's the answer.

$$$\left(x^{3} + \frac{x^{2}}{2} - x\right)|_{\left(x=2\right)}=8$$$.

$$$\left(x^{3} + \frac{x^{2}}{2} - x\right)|_{\left(x=0\right)}=0$$$.

$$$\int_{0}^{2}\left( 3 x^{2} + x - 1 \right)dx=\left(x^{3} + \frac{x^{2}}{2} - x\right)|_{\left(x=2\right)}-\left(x^{3} + \frac{x^{2}}{2} - x\right)|_{\left(x=0\right)}=8$$$

Answer: $$$\int_{0}^{2}\left( 3 x^{2} + x - 1 \right)dx=8$$$.